Current Models of the Subluxation
In the healing art of Chiropractic, there are several models used to describe the phenomenon known as the vertebral subluxation, each attempting to explain some aspects of what we observe as sick people receive spinal adjustments and then proceed, more often than not, to get well, to recover from years or even decades of various ailments.
For the purposes of this website, we have settled on the Nerve Pressure / Locked Joint Model of the vertebral subluxation - In simplest terms, this model says that the subluxation is a condition that is characterized by a locking up (more often a partial locking up) of the joint between two bones AND resulting in nerve pressure. The resultant nerve pressure causes interference with the normal transfer of information along the course of the involved nerves. This Nerve Interference causes a breakdown in the communication between brain cells and tissue cells in the body. This in turn results in a state of Dis-organization, then Dis-ease (the inability of the affected tissues to re-organize or adapt to their environment) and finally disease, or that point at which tissue breakdown is identifiable clinically. Chiropractors realize that many years of subluxations and dis-ease may lapse before a condition becomes formally a "disease." This is the reason many doctors recommend preventive spinal care or "wellness care."
A word about models - Models are tools. They are an attempt to organize information cohesively, so that we may better understand the underlying principles behind the things we observe. Researchers, clinicians, and investigators of all types use models to test their theories. The value of a model is that, once formed (or even partially formed), you can test a model's validity by throwing new information at it, and seeing whether or not the model holds up. A model should answer most, if not all, of the questions an observer has about a phenomenon. If a model repeatedly fails, it can be modified as new data becomes available. In many cases, the model is simply discarded in favor of a new, different explanation. We all use models. One of the most universally accepted models today was introduced by physicist Neils Bohr over one hundred years ago: the Atomic Model has withstood over a century of new data with no fundamental change.
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